One of the surprises of the Summer Budget was announcement of new tax rules for dividends from April 2016.
Dividend taxation has long been one of the more arcane parts of the UK’s complex tax regime. For many years dividends have had their own tax rates and a 10% tax credit that has not been reclaimable by tax-exempt investors. Mr Osborne announced a new regime on 8 July, to begin from 2016/17:
- The 10% dividend tax credit will be abolished, so that the dividend you receive will be the taxable amount, with no ‘grossing up’ adjustment necessary.
- There will be a new annual dividend allowance of £5,000. Dividends up to this limit will attract no personal tax. The dividend allowance is worth virtually nothing to basic rate taxpayers, but could save an additional rate taxpayer over £1,500.
- For dividends above the new allowance, the tax rate payable will increase by 7.5% of the dividend, meaning that if you are:
- A basic rate taxpayer, you will pay 7.5% instead of 0%;
- A higher rate taxpayer, you will pay 32.5% instead of 25%; and
- An additional rate taxpayer, you will pay 38.1% instead of 30.6%.
The surprising result of these proposals is that while basic rate taxpayers will pay more tax if they receive dividends above £5,000, additional rate taxpayers will have to receive over £25,370 of dividends before they are worse off. These changes could mean that you need to review your investments, the wrappers in which they are held and their ownership. For example, the reforms suggest that a married couple should share their dividend income up to a total of £10,000 to maximise the benefit of the new allowance.